What Are the Indications and Analysis of Varicose Veins?

Are you among those who face the problem of varicose vein?  Lumpy and bulging, varicose veins make your legs aching and uncomfortable. These are enlarged swollen veins usually appear as clusters and sometimes surrounded by spider veins, red thin capillaries located near the surface of the skin. Such veins can be seen anywhere in the body, but they often appear on the legs make them swollen and abnormal. It is important to know the functions of veins to get an idea about this health condition. Veins carry blood from the tissues of your body to the heart which occurs with the help of its one-way valves. If these valves of your veins are damaged or weak, it may cause the back up of your blood and pool it in the veins resulting its swelling. Read this article to know the symptoms, causes and treatment methods of varicose vein.

The damaged or weak valves


The damaged or weak valves of the veins on your legs or pelvic area affect the blood circulation resulting in swelling, discomfort and aching. The varicose vein can also lead to some serious health issues such as bleeding and ulcers. The main symptoms of this medical condition are:

  • Heavy, swollen clusters of blue or purple veins
  • Aching, uncomfortable and swollen legs, feet and ankles
  • Muscle cramps, pain and soreness in the legs
  • Itching around the varicose vein
  • Discoloration and dryness of the skin
  • Soreness behind the knee
  • Easily tiring leg muscles
  • Skin ulcers

Main causes for varicose vein

Weak vein valves and walls can lead to varicose veins. As mentioned earlier, the main function of veins is to carry blood from different areas of the body to the heart in order to recirculate the blood. The veins in your legs need to perform against gravity for supplying blood to your heart. The tiny valves of the vein in your legs open up during the blood flow towards your heart and prevent blood from flowing backward. The blood flow can be backward if the valves of the vein are damaged or weak and pool in the vein resulting in its twisting. Some other potential causes that can lead to varicose vein include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Menopause
  • Age
  • Standing for many hours
  • Family history


It is estimated that approximately 20% of adults experience the health problem of varicose veins at some point in their lives. Making changes to your lifestyle can be a great way to prevent its formation or getting it worse. Improving your muscle tone and blood circulation can minimize the risk of developing this health problem. Some of the best measures that help to prevent the formation of varicose vein include:

  • Exercising
  • Change your sitting and standing position regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Stretch your legs
  • Follow a low-salt but a fiber-rich diet
  • Avoid using high-heels
  • Use compression socks or stockings

The varicose vein can be prevented to a great extent by making lifestyle changes.  However, your doctor may suggest surgery if such changes are not working. You can also go for some less invasive treatment options to treat varicose vein such as:

  • Laser surgery
  • Sclerotherapy and microsclerotherapy
  • Endoscopic vein surgery
  • Endovenous ablation therapy

Since varicose veins can get worse over time, it is wise to consult a doctor to manage this health issue. Talk to your doctor about different treatment methods and the risk involved before choosing the right treatment method.