Gun ownership is strictly regulated in China. Civilians are not legally authorized to possess guns and if caught trafficking firearms by law can face sentences of up to life behind bars. Only entities such as sporting organizations, legal hinting reserves, and wildlife protection are entitled to carry guns. Individuals can carry weapons only for hunting purposes. Those who desire to possess firearms can do so by obtaining a license after a strict process without any felony convictions in his or her record. Fully automatic rifles and explosives are prohibited in China. Due to all these factors, China has a very minimal homicide rate owing to shootings.
According to the federal gun restrictions in Canada, a potential firearm owner can obtain a license to carry one only after completing a previous background check and safety course. Firearms are divided into three categories; restricted, non-restricted and prohibited. Restricted firearms include types of handguns and long guns while non-restricted include shotguns and sporting rifles common for hunting purposes. Prohibited firearms include automatics and military weaponry which cannot be possessed by civilians.
The UK government has managed to restrict the ownership of all automatic firearms along with a majority of self-loading firearms through a series of amendments in the 20th century. In order to carry a gun, a UK civilian is required to obtain a shotgun certificate or firearm certificate from the law and order authorities. They are also expected to pass through a series of stringent criteria to acquire either one of the documents. An estimate of only 8 percent of total criminal homicides is committed using a firearm of any kind.
The post-1996 mass shooting in Port Arthur, the Australian Conservative government responded by establishing stringent gun laws. Types of guns such as pump-action shotguns along with high capacity semi-automatic rifles capable of holding more than five rounds were restricted. Around 650,000 assault weapons post mass shooting was taken back by the government. In order to be a carry a gun in Australia, a firearms license must be obtained from the state governments which are to be renewed every year or after five years. Due to the strict gun laws, it has resulted in declining gun homicide rates.
Japan has some of the strictest gun laws in the world, and almost no resident maintains a gun. The only few kinds of weapons allowed include shotguns and specific other types intended for competition, research, and industries. Potential gun owners are required to go through a lengthy process of background checks, drug test, mental test, and formal instruction. Japan has one of the lowest and if not the lowest gun homicide rates in the world with one in 10 million. The minute civilians who manage to own guns are required to inform the respective authorities of how the gun will be used and how much ammunition can be stored.